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Bugs and/or Diseases in your Organic Garden Got you Down?

We humans are funny creatures. All kinds of great things can be going on, but let one or two negative things come along and we seem to focus all our attention on those.

It’s very easy to allow the negatives to get us down. At least unless or until we’ve trained ourselves to do otherwise. Even then — if you’re anything like me — you have to talk to yourself and remind yourself that keeping-on-keeping-on (in spite of whatever difficulties come)  is how to become successful in anything.

I received an email from a reader today. She didn’t know it of course but I was only two days removed from feeling exactly as she was feeling today.

Pat wrote, “I am a little depressed today.  I just discovered that I misidentified some bugs in the garden.

I thought I had a nice community of assassin bugs (red nymphs), but today I spotted something a little different than what I expected (in terms of the adults which developed from the nymphs).  I searched and searched the internet and finally found them.  I have leaf footed bugs!  Lots of them!  

Also discovered a new batch of blister beetles in the tomato patch.  

I am not sure I can nip these infestations in the bud.  They are already in full flower!!!  And maybe there are even eggs out there?  Do I yank everything up, plant cover crops, and hope for a better season next year?

Leaf Footed bug nymphs

Another reader, Sheri, had sent me this picture August 29th to identify these Leaf Footed bug nymphs for her.

Leaf Footed Bug

I had gardened 20 years before I ever saw a nymph of the leaf footed bug.  Didn’t see an adult one until sometime after that. They’re related to stink bugs and do the same type of damage to fruit as stink bugs do.

When I first saw the nymphs of leaf footed bugs in my garden years ago — I too thought they were a good bug.  I was just as upset as Pat when I found out what they were and that I had left them alive to multiply in my garden!  Rest assured after that discovery I killed everyone I found.

I’ve seen more this year than in 35 years of gardening — but even then not more than two or three dozen.  I kill them when I find them. I wouldn’t recognize their eggs if I saw them.

Blister Beetles

There are a few varieties of these beetles.  The one that frequents our property is the grey one with the white strip down the center of its back.

I kill the greatest number of these beetles on my tomato plant and potato plant foliage which they will decimate if allowed to. They gorge themselves and get fatter and fatter. (They’re said to feed on pollen and nectar, but I don’t think they find that on my potato and tomato plants.) They’re known to love alfalfa flowers which is why I plan to cut my alfalfa cover crop BEFORE it flowers.

They lay their eggs in the soil — so of course I never find them.  The larvae goes through the soil looking for and eating grasshopper egg pods.  That makes their larval stage very beneficial, since grasshoppers in numbers can do a tremendous amount of damage!  So that’s a definite plus for keeping a certain number of blister beetles around.  (Everything in nature is balance.)

Note: I’ve killed a lot of blister beetles — mainly with gloves on — but some with bare hands.  I’ve never had a bad reaction — but I’ve read that they can cause a blistering of the skin.  So gloves are a good idea just in case.  (If grazing animals like horses eat hay with dead blister beetles in it — they can die from the reaction to whatever chemical it is that this insect gives off.)

Tomato fruit worm (a/k/a Corn Borer)

Before I tell you what I recommended Pat do, allow me to tell you dumb mistake I made several weeks ago that really made me feel awful.

I’ve mentioned before that I have the occasional tomato hornworm.  By the time I find them they are almost always already paralyzed by the laval stage of the Braconid wasp.

I seldom see the tomato fruit worm — although I do have a few from time to time especially when the conventional corn fields across the road are cut. Supposedly the Braconid wasp will prey on the fruit worm as well — but if the worm is inside the tomato — it would seem the chances of falling prey to the wasp would be slim to none.

Anyway — this year starting in mid August after the corn fields across the road were cut, the moth of the fruit worm (corn borer) attacked (laid eggs on) my tomatoes big time!   I’ve lost way over a bushel of tomatoes which translates to not as much tomato sauce for winter.

But here’s what I did that was so dumb: When I started finding the tomatoes with the tell tale holes in them — I thought it would be as in previous years — just a few.  So, I dropped the “infected” tomatoes in a pile  by each plant until I could dig them in.  I got really busy with various thing and didn’t get back to the tomatoes.

About two weeks later it dawned on me that the fruit worm goes from the tomato directly into the soil to pupate!! That means — because I didn’t check the tomatoes and kill the worms — I may now have an even greater problem next year.

For the entire day I felt like pulling up every tomato plant (but I didn’t) and even wondered what in the world I was doing gardening! So you can see that I fully related to what Pat was feeling today.

Change of Attitude and Possible Solution

After several hours of a bad attitude, I realized that a bad attitude was not going to make me successful with this problem.  What’s done is done.  I can’t change that.  I have to take a proactive approach and deal with the problem that exists — even if it was of my own making.

Once my attitude changed I thought of getting beneficial nematodes. I think they’ll work on the pupae of the worm, since they work on various grubs.  I’m guessing that the worm leaves the tomato and goes into the ground relatively close to that plant.  Based on that, I should be able to spot treat the areas around the tomatoes this fall and get rid of most of the pupae.

As I mentioned in my post of Playing with the Hand You’ve been Dealt:  It’s not the event, but our thought processes of getting mentally past the mistake or bad situation and looking for opportunities to make things better.   That’s what will shape our world and determine whether or not we’ll be successful in our endeavors.

My Reply to Pat

Pulling up everything (like Pat felt like doing and like I felt like doing) will not kill the bugs and will not be beneficial in the long term.  The bugs will still be there.

What I would do — is keep tending the plants and looking for bugs as you go about your garden chores.  When you find them — kill them. Everyone you kill this year means they won’t mate and they won’t winter over for next year.

And although our goal should not be to totally eradicate every bug (there would be nothing for the beneficials to feed on) — we need to keep the bad guys in check. Remember — nature is a great balancer  — not an eradicator. (Just in case you’re wondering — if you hand kill every bad bug you see — it’s ok.  Rest assured nature has arranged for you to miss some.)

Our two greatest weapons are:

  • Consistently paying attention to and killing the bad guys every day as we go about garden chores.
  • Continue to improve the heath of our soil and garden.

If plants are weak — or don’t have the proper nutrients — they are like a waving dinner banner for the bad guys. If plants are healthy and strong —- they’re either not attacked —- or if they are attacked — they can withstand the attack.

Final Thought

When something unpleasant or bad happens start again from this point and play the hand you’ve been dealt.

Learning is not always easy.  Use each experience (good or bad) to further your education in gardening.  The only time you can’t win is if you give up.

_______

Related Posts:

Care of Plants – Organic Fertilizer- Organic Pesticides – Manures

Organic Pest Control – Eliminate the Cause

Garden Diversity Can Equal Better Organic Pest and Disease Control

Squash Bugs – It Ain’t Over ’til it’s Over

Growing Broccoli – Worm Control for the Organic Gardener

Squash Bugs – End of the the Season Strategy

Slug Damage – Solution Review
________

Organic gardening is easy, effective, efficient — and it’s a lot healthier.

_______

All content including photos is copyright by Tending My Garden.com.  All Rights reserved.

6 comments to Bugs and/or Diseases in your Organic Garden Got you Down?

  • Betsy

    I’m glad you had relative success with the leaf footed bugs. I’m new at gardening & trying to be organic, which is hard along the Gulf Coast. My tomatoes were covered in bugs! I took some to a garden center and was told assassin bugs. As they feasted on my tomatoes, I did nothing. I researched my problem, and found they were leaf footed bugs. By that time there were literally thousands of them on tomatoes and melons. They do love melons, and when I lifted up leaves, I would see hundreds of them. On advise from the parish agent, I used pyrethin spray, which killed a lot, but not all. They are now attacking my fall crop. I am going to cover all my newly planted plants and hope for the best. I cannot stay bended down to knock all of them into soapy water. What do I do for generational infestations?

  • Theresa

    Yes, Betsy, in the hot humid weather here in the south bugs seem to thrive. In spite of that — the healthier your garden is (and that takes time) the less problem you’ll have.

    I know from hands-on experience that even though you have thousands of bugs right now — you can and will get the numbers to where they are manageable if you keep at it. At this point in time it might be necessary to use the pyrethrum spray (which is suitable for use in organic gardens) to assist in getting rid of the great numbers of bugs. (I’ve gone through this senario with just hand killing — so it can be done. But the spray will be an encouragement for you at this point in time.)

    Regarding your “trying to be organic” : Betsy – It just all boils down to what you want to do. And of course it must be said that a lot of what you want and what you stand for will depend on how much you know about what’s going on. Once you really understand wholeheartedly the problem with poisons — you’ll have no trouble being organic all the way.

    Good luck.
    Theresa

  • Sandra

    Well, now I know. I have these guys also – never saw them before until this year. I’ve been killing the adults, but did not realize that those red guys were the nymphs. Thank you for the photo. I’m on the warpath now!!!

    I have a resurgence of stink bugs this year. Not as bad as three years ago, but their population is definitely on the rise. I hate them and their horrid stench. Also, that they will go down the list of their favorites and don’t just stay on one plant. I see them on everything.

    Funny, but all my striped and spotted cucumber beetles seem to have disappeared. I saw them everywhere until about July, and now I don’t see any. Cukes still died of the wilt, though.

    Finally, moles and/or voles seem to be getting busy for Fall. I am noticing more tunnels recently.

    Could go on, but won’t… It’s just a part of the deal with gardening. To avoid getting upset is the key. Also diversity – learned that on TMG and it’s really helped me a LOT.
    Thanks for this post Theresa. I now know what those red (to me they looked like ants) insects are. Big help.

  • Theresa

    Yes, Sandra, I think if we can look at the various difficulties as just part of gardening and not take them so personally (as most of us are prone to do) we can avoid being upset about all that stuff. Attitude makes all the difference — and I keep reminding myself about that everyday!

    It must be the year for the leaf footed bugs.
    After all that wonderful rain we had this year — tonight is the first rain we’ve had in a month! Seems the dryness has really brought out the stink bug population. And you’re right — they’re on everything —- even the asparagus ferns!

    I read something about cuke beetles — the second generation for the year — emerging in September — so we may still get some.

    Moles have been awful this year! Even in the area by our big trees out back. In 15 years I’ve never seen them active there.

    As you said Sandra — it’s just part of gardening. The rewards are many — and this is just what is required to reap those rewards.
    Theresa

  • Pat Bailess

    What is your solution for cut ants? They have invaded the garden. Thanks, Pat Bailess

  • Theresa

    Pat, I’ve never had cut ants (thankfully) and know nothing about them.
    It might take a lot of googling to find your answer, but it should be out there.
    Good luck!
    Theresa

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